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SO YOU HAVE VERY HIGH TRIGLYCERIDES.  WHAT DOES THAT MEAN?

 

This site provides information to help make informed decisions with your healthcare provider.  Being told  you have very high triglycerides can be worrying.  The good news is that they can be treated.  To help you, we've provided what you need to know about managing your very high triglycerides.

 

Understanding Very High Triglycerides | Download Here

 

 

LEARN A LOT MORE | Click Here

 

IHPM is pleased to provide a new look into the domain of cardiovascular health through its WorkPlace™ Center for Heart Health, with Founding Sponsor Amarin Pharma, Inc.  Triglycerides are perhaps the least understood and most neglected area of cardiovascular health risk.  Over the last several years there has been much new information about the role of triglycerides in cardiovascular health and disease.  With the partnership of Amarin Pharma — IHPM is pleased to open a new area of inquiry to educate employers and the public on the serious issues connected with very high triglycerides, and provide practical guidance on what they can do to address them.

 

WHAT ARE TRIGLYCERIDES?

Triglycerides are naturally occurring fats in your blood. They are made in the intestine and liver, mostly from fats in your diet. Although triglycerides are similar to cholesterol, they are not the same. Triglycerides store unused calories and give your body energy. But too high a level of triglycerides can cause health concerns.

 

It is important to lower your triglyceride numbers when they are too high. Ask your doctor about your triglyceride number.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HIGH TRIGLYCERIDES?

High triglycerides (fat in the blood) are caused when your body makes more triglycerides than it can get rid of (e.g. when you eat a meal that is high in fat).

 

There are several reasons why you might have high triglycerides:

  • DIET
    • What you eat and drink affects your triglyceride number, especially alcohol and carbs

 

  • GENETICS
    • People with a family history of high triglycerides may be more likely to develop them

 

  • MEDICAL CONDITIONS
    • Some medical conditions (such as diabetes) change how your body processes food

 

  • CERTAIN DRUGS
    • Including steroids, estrogen tablets, and blood pressure medications

  • LACK OF EXERCISE
    • Lack of exercise may have an impact on your triglycerides

 

WHY ARE TRIGLYCERIDES IMPORTANT?

When your body makes too many triglycerides, you can develop too much fat in your blood. This is bad.

 

APPROXIMATELY 3.4 MILLION AMERICANS HAVE VERY HIGH TRIGLYCERIDE LEVELS (≥500 mg/dL)

 

 

 

Triglycerides are a major source of energy in your body.  Normal levels are important for good health.  However, very high levels of triglycerides, like high levels of bad cholesterol, may be an indicator of cardiovascular disease.

 

According to the National Cholesterol Education Program, triglyceride levels are grouped as follows:

  • Normal levels are less than 150 mg/dL
  • Borderline-high levels are 150 to 199 mg/dL
  • High levels are 200 to 499 mg/dL
  • Very high levels are 500 mg/dL or higher

SO YOU HAVE VERY HIGH TRIGLYCERIDES.

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

Very high triglycerides can be caused by poor diet and not enough exercise. You may also have inherited very high triglycerides from a parent. Your doctor will tell you how to manage your triglycerides. Some steps will probably include

 

  • LOSE WEIGHT
    • If your weight is higher than what is considered healthy, losing even 5 pounds may help lower your triglycerides. You may also find you have more energy and feel healthier

  • EAT FEWER CALORIES
    • Any calories you eat and don’t burn off with activity become triglycerides and are stored as fat. Less calories turning into fat means lower overall triglyceride numbers

  • EAT FEWER SUGARY AND REFINED FOODS
    • Lowering the amount of white sugar and white flour (found in many foods such as bread, pasta, and pastries) can have a positive effect on your triglycerides

  • EAT HEALTHIER FATS
    • The type of fat in olive and canola oils is healthier than the type of fat in meats. Eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids—such as mackerel and salmon—instead of red meat will further improve triglyceride levels

  • DRINK LESS ALCOHOL
    • Alcohol is high in calories and sugar. It can have a large effect on triglycerides, even in small amounts

  • GET MORE EXERCISE
    • Try to get at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day. This can include taking stairs instead of the elevator, choosing a parking space farther from an entrance, or going for a walk

 

DIETARY  FISH-OIL  SUPPLEMENTS SHOULD NOT BE USED FOR TREATMENT OF VERY HIGH TRIGLYCERIDES

  • THEY ARE NOT "OVER-THE-COUNTER"
    • Supplements are sometimes referred to as OTC (over-the-counter) drugs but they are not; the FDA does not confirm efficacy and safety before these products are sold

 

  • THEY ARE LOOSELY REGULATED
    • Supplements do not have to meet strict FDA standards for efficacy, safety, and manufacturing that prescription drugs must meet

  • YOU DON’T KNOW WHAT YOU’RE GETTING
    • Studies have shown many supplements contain lower amounts of omega-3 than what’s listed on the label, and they may contain unknown ingredients

  • THEY COULD BE UP TO ONE-THIRD SATURATED FAT
    • A recent study revealed that up to one-third of the content of some supplements was saturated fat, which is known to be unhealthy in large amounts

  • THEY MAY RAISE BAD CHOLESTEROL
    • Many supplements contain DHA, which may increase levels of bad (LDL) cholesterol in some patients with very high triglycerides

  • FISH OIL BREAKS DOWN AND CAN SPOIL
    • Over time, unless the fish oil has been processed under strict drug manufacturing conditions, it can break down. And if it has been exposed to air it can spoil

 

  • IT COULD TAKE UP TO 40 CAPSULES PER DAY
    • It could take 10 to 40 omega-3 fish-oil supplement capsules daily to equal the 4 grams per day of EPA found in a prescription omega-3 product

 

  • THEY COULD COST MORE THAN A PRESCRIPTION
    • To purchase the 10 to 40 omega-3 fish-oil capsules that could equal the 4 grams per day of EPA in a prescription omega-3 product could cost far more than a prescription copay

 

 

CLEARING UP THE CONFUSION—STRAIGHT TALK ABOUT SUPPLEMENTS

 

 

 

 

Fish-oil omega-3 dietary supplements are a less expensive option than FDA-approved prescription therapy.

 

Some fish-oil supplements contain such low amounts of omega-3, and the cost to achieve a higher dose of EPA is higher than the typical cost of a prescription.

 

     

    Fish oils are natural; therefore, they are a safe treatment option to reduce triglyceride levels.

     

 

Natural doesn’t mean safe. Prescription drugs are reviewed and approved by the FDA. However, dietary supplement manufacturers are not required to gain approval from the FDA before selling them. This means that the true safety of these products is unknown.

 

 

Founding Sponsor of The WorkPlace Center™ for Heart Health: 

 

 

Amarin Pharma, Inc. is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the commercialization and development of therapeutics to improve cardiovascular health.  Click Here to learn more



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